Paisagem, Biodiversidade e Sistemas Socio-Ecológicos




1) to study the relation between land use systems (agriculture, forestry and other uses of the rural land) and spatial patterns at the landscape level. It progresses through assessment and modeling this relation, in broad spatial and temporal scales, and upscalling and downscaling from the plant to the landscape level (LDSP 1);

2) to understand and model land management and decision-making at different levels of governance, from the farm to the local community, and further into policy design and formulation; for this, it addresses economic, social and cultural drivers and processes (LDSP 2).

Linhas de Investigação


LDSP 1 'Landscape Dynamics and modeling'  focus on:

a) the assessment of land cover mosaics and landscape changes, their causes and their impacts on landscape multifunctionality, focusing both on the ecological and economic as well as on the social dimension (recreation, tourism, identity, policy changes, etc.), and

b) modelling of forest stands integrating multiple components of forest and agro-forest systems.

LDSP 2 'Social processes and governance'  deals with:

a) governance and the processes of decision-making, from the farm to the policy level, integrating the assessment of the multiple private and public driven drivers; and

b) participatory and transdisciplinarity methods that support research-practice interactions.


The research by the group produces both theoretical and practical guidance for the sustainable management of the forest and agro-forestry systems of the Mediterranean particularly of the Montado system, and the ways in which it adapts to different local conditions.

Our work assesses the integration in the landscape of production and other activities, looking at the spatial pattern and dynamics and at the process of decision from the farm to the regional and national scales.

We will search for indicators and thresholds that make it possible to assess the resilience of the socio-ecological systems and thus better target policies.

Grounded on transition theory, we will identify which institutional arrangements can better support the social innovation required to improve farm and rural sustainability for the fulfilment of multiple societal demands.

All those are themes where we interact with practice, and thus knowledge transfer is inherent to our research.

LDSP has a novel approach in ICAAM and in Portugal so far, we will invest in participatory methods in order to structure research-practice interaction and support long-lasting innovation processes.


Dynamics and management of rural landscapes  - DYNAMO

Agriculture and forestry are integrated in the territory and shape the rural landscapes. These landscapes are today under a growing demand for multiple uses, outside their productive function. In the Mediterranean, where farm uses and structures have always been heterodox in relation to most other European contexts, these changing roles of the rural and of agriculture itself create extremely dynamic and complex processes. Facing the complexity of Mediterranean rural landscapes, the multiple processes they register at different scales, and their multifunctional role, comprising commodity and non-commodity functions, the Dynamo Group gathers research, co-operation and interdisciplinary exchange, emerging both from natural, social and human sciences, aiming to assess landscape change and changing processes, as well as its management at multiple governance scales. Read more about our work HERE .

  • LabOr – Laboratory of Ornithology



The LabOr – Laboratory of Ornithology  is included in the Ecosystem Functioning and Conservation Research Group  of Mediterranean Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (ICAAM ). This institutional background induces LabOr to undertake scientific & educational actions and services regarding the birds of Portugal and the Mediterranean ,  in the areas of Ornithology and Conservation Biology.

Read more HERE

Outras Informações